Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (2023)

The Indian education system is one of the largest in the world with about 15,00,000 schools, 97,00,000 teachers, and about 260 million students.

Advantage India

Robust
Demand

* India has the largest population in the world in the age bracket of 5-24 years with 580 million people, presenting a huge opportunity in the education sector.

* India has over 250 million school going students, more than any other country.

* Applications for the ‘Study In India' programme increased by 146% in 2021.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (1)

Competitive
Advantage

* Large English-speaking population allows easy delivery of educational products. India was ranked 48th out of 112 countries in English Proficiency Index 2021.

* Nine Indian universities - the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru and eight Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) - were among the top 500 universities in the QS World University Rankings 2023.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (2)

Policy
support

* 100% FDI (automatic route) is allowed in the education sector in India.

* The Government of India has taken initiatives like National Accreditation Regulatory Authority Bill for Higher Educational and the Foreign Educational Institutions Bill.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (3)

Increasing
Investments

* The education market in India is expected to amount to US$ 225 billion by FY25.

* From April 2000-March 2022, FDI equity inflows stood at US$ 7.72 billion.

* Indian edtech startups have received total investment of US$ 3.94 billion across 155 deals in FY22.

* In June 2022, edtech platform PhysicsWallah became India’s 101st unicorn by raising US$ 100 million in a Series-A funding round from WestBridge Capital and GSV Ventures, valuing the company at US$ 1.1 billion.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (4)

Snapshot Showcase Infographics Reports

Last updated: Nov, 2022

Education Sector in India Industry Report Aug, 2022

Introduction

India has the largest population in the world in the age bracket of 5-24 years with 580 million people, presenting a huge opportunity in the education sector. India holds an important place in the global education industry. India has one of the largest networks of higher education institutions in the world. However, there is still a lot of potential for further development and improvement in the education system.

With increasing awareness, private Indian players are collaborating with international brands to provide an international standard of education. Private investments in the Indian education sector have increased substantially over the past two decades. The demand for specialised degrees is also picking up with more and more students opting for specific industry-focused qualifications. Higher education institutes in India are focusing on creating online programmes due to the increasing demand from consumers.

With cutting-edge technologies such as AI, ML, IoT and blockchain, India's education sector will redefine itself in the years to come. It has also embraced the Education 4.0 revolution, which promotes inclusive learning and increased employability. The government has implemented policies like the NEP, which will be fully implemented over the course of this decade starting from 2021-22, and will have a strong focus on high-quality vocational education.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (5)

Market Size

The education sector in India was estimated to be worth US$ 117 billion in FY20 and is expected to reach US$ 225 billion by FY25.

India has over 250 million school-going students, more than any other country. India had 38.5 million students enrolled in higher education in 2019-20, with 19.6 million male and 18.9 million female students.

According to UNESCO’s ‘State of the Education Report for India 2021’, the Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) at senior secondary schools was 47:1, as against 26:1 of the overall school system.

Number of colleges in India reached 42,343 in FY20. As of August 23, 2022, the number of universities in India stood at 1,057. In 2022-23, there are 8,902 total AICTE approved institutes in India. Out of these 8,902 institutes, there are 3,577 undergraduate, 4,786 postgraduate and 3,957 diploma institutes.

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (6)

The Indian edtech market size is expected to reach US$ 30 billion by 2031, from US$ 700-800 million in 2021. According to KPMG, India has also become the second largest market for E-learning after the US.

The online education market in India is expected to grow by US$ 2.28 billion during 2021-2025, growing at a CAGR of almost 20%. The market grew by 19.02% in India in 2021.

Investments/ Recent Developments

From April 2000-March 2022, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows stood at US$ 7.72 billion according to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

The education and training sector in India has witnessed some major investments and developments in the recent past. Some of them are:

  • In September 2022, UnfoldU Group, India’s leading online education player, announced plans to enter the space of Metaverse education.
  • In August 2022, Edtech startup Sunstone, which offers higher education programmes, raised US$ 35 million in funding, with participation from Alteria Capital and WestBridge Capital.
  • In August 2022, Bharti AXA Life announced a partnership with Great Learning, a leading global edtech company, to curate and develop a Post Graduate Program in life insurance sales.
  • Nine Indian universities - the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru and eight Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) - were among the top 500 universities in the QS World University Rankings 2023.
  • Indian edtech startups have received total investment of US$ 3.94 billion across 155 deals in FY22.
  • In June 2022, Pfizer India and the Americares India Foundation launched the OPEN AMR – an online education platform for nurses to learn anti-microbial resistance.
  • In June 2022, edtech platform PhysicsWallah became India’s 101st unicorn by raising US$ 100 million in a Series-A funding round from WestBridge Capital and GSV Ventures, valuing the company at US$ 1.1 billion.
  • In June 2022, edtech unicorn UpGrad raised US$ 225 million in a funding round that included Lupa Systems LLC and US testing and assessment provider Educational Testing Service, valuing the company at US$ 2.25 billion.
  • In June 2022, Amazon India launched the second edition of Machine Learning (ML) Summer School, with the aim to provide students the opportunity to learn important ML technologies from Amazon scientists, making them ready for careers in science.
  • India has 89 universities in Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings 2022, behind Russia with 100 and China with 97.
  • A total of 71 Indian institutions have been qualified for the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2022, up from 63 in 2020.
  • As per the QS employability rankings 2022, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, six Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Delhi University, University of Mumbai, University of Calcutta, OP Jindal Global University, Sonipat and BITS Pilani were among the global top 500 universities.
  • In February 2022, the AICTE - backed by AWS Academy and EduSkills - launched a two-month virtual internship program in AI for 5,000 students. The course duration is two months and the students will receive a certificate and a digital badge upon completion.
  • In February 2022, education-focused fintech firm Propelld raised US$ 35 million from in a series-B funding round from WestBridge Capital, Stellaris Venture Partners, India Quotient and others.
  • In February 2022, the Tech Mahindra Foundation, the company's CSR arm, partnered with Amazon Internet Services Private Limited (AISPL) to help underemployed or unemployed people get started in cloud computing. The AWS re/Start programme is a 12-week in-person skills-based training programme that covers foundational AWS Cloud abilities, as well as practical job skills like interviewing and resume writing to assist individuals prepare for entry-level cloud positions.
  • In October 2021, Teachmint was valued at US$ 500 million after a US$ 78 million funding round.
  • In October 2021, Byju’s raised Rs. 2,200 crore (US$ 300 million) to increase the company’s valuation from US$ 16.4 billion in 2020 to US$ 18 billion in 2021.

Government Initiatives

Some of the other major initiatives taken by the Government are:

  • 100% FDI under automatic route is allowed in the Indian education sector.
  • To liberalise the sector, the Government has taken initiatives such as the National Accreditation Regulatory Authority Bill for Higher Educational and the Foreign Educational Institutions Bill.
  • In July 2022, Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi inaugurated a three-day Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Samagam at Varanasi to discuss how the implementation of the National Education Policy 2020 can be taken further across the country with various stakeholders.
  • As part of a comprehensive initiative known as PM eVIDYA, the Department of School Education and the Ministry of Education were recognised by UNESCO for their use of information and communication technology (ICT) during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Education, has planned to solicit opinions from various stakeholders through an online public consultation survey. This will be helpful in gathering very useful and important inputs for the formulation of the National Curriculum Framework.
  • The government schemes of Revitalising Infrastructure and System in Education (RISE) and Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP) are helping the government tackle the prominent challenges faced by the education sector.
  • As per the Union Budget 2022-23, allocation towards the Samagra Shiksha Scheme has increased by around 20.3%, from Rs. 31,050.16 crore (US$ 4.16 billion) in FY22 to Rs. 37,383.36 crore (US$ 5.01 billion) in FY23.
  • In February 2022, the Central Government approved the “New India Literacy Programme” for the period FY22-27 to cover all the aspects of adult education to align with the National Education Policy 2020 and Budget Announcements 2022-23.
  • In February 2022, the Ministry of Education approved the scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) to continue till 2026.
  • The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 emphasis on early childhood care and education. The 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 year, respectively.
  • The Cabinet accepted the continuance of the Samagra Shiksha School Education Scheme in 2021 from April 1, 2021-March 31, 2026.
  • In October 2021, the NSDC launched the largest 'Impact Bond' in India with a US$ 14.4 million fund, to help 50,000 youngsters in the country acquire skills necessary for employment.
  • In September 2021, NISHTHA 3.0 Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FtN) was released for teachers and school administrators of pre-primary to class V in an online fashion on the DIKSHA platform.

Road Ahead

In 2030, it is estimated that India’s higher education will:

  • Combine training methods that involve online learning and games, and it is expected to grow by 38% in the next 2-4 years.
  • Adopt transformative and innovative approaches in higher education.
  • Have an augmented Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of 50%.
  • Reduce state-wise, gender-based and social disparity in GER to 5%.
  • Emerge as the single largest provider of global talent with one in four graduates in the world being a product of the Indian higher education system.
  • Be among the top five countries in the world in terms of research output with an annual R&D spend of US$ 140 billion.
  • Have more than 20 universities among the global top 200 universities.

Various government initiatives are being adopted to boost the growth of the distance education market, besides focusing on new education techniques such as E-learning and M-learning.

The Government of India has taken several steps including opening of IIT’s and IIM’s in new locations, as well as allocating educational grant for research scholars in most government institutions. Furthermore, with the online mode of education increasingly being used by several educational organisations, the higher education sector in India is set for major change and development in the years to come.

Note: Conversion rate used for August 2022 is Rs. 1 = US$ 0.013

References:Media Reports, Press Releases, Press Information Bureau, RNCOS Report, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Union Budget 2022-23

Education & Training Sector in India, Education Index of India - IBEF (7)
Education Sector in India Industry Report Aug, 2022

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